Cancer is the uncontrolled growth and division of abnormal cells within the body. Left untreated, these cells will invade local tissues and spread to other parts of the body.
Most people dread the mention of the word "cancer". Nevertheless, the risk of developing cancer can be reduced by practising healthy lifestyle habits, such as eating a healthy diet, getting regular exercise and not smoking. In addition, the sooner a cancer is diagnosed and treatment begins, the better the chances of recovery.
Cancer may not present with any symptoms at all, especially in the early stages of the disease. When symptoms do appear, however, they will likely vary, depending on the type of cancer, the stage or extent of the disease and the overall health of the person, among other factors.
In addition, treatment depends on the type of cancer, the stage or extent of the disease, size, location and the overall health of the person, among other factors. Cancer patients are often managed by a team of cancer specialists and other health professionals. They will develop a treatment plan to fit each patient's needs and may include one or a combination of the following treatments:
Surgery is used to remove the tumor and may include some of the surrounding tissue and lymph nodes near the tumour.
Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to kill cancer cells or shrink a tumour so that it is easier to remove during surgery.
Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to kill, slow the growth or prevent the spread of cancer cells.
Hormone therapy uses drugs to stop or block hormones from reaching certain cancer cells.
Biological therapy uses biological products to help the body's natural ability to fight the disease.
Bone marrow transplant is the infusion of bone marrow either from the patient's own cells or cells donated from a related or unrelated person.
For more information on the types of cancers and different treatment options, click on one of the following Cancer Toolkits:
Back to Top