Nutrition & Diet

 

It is important that cancer patients obtain adequate nutrition during their treatment and recovery phase. Due to the disease and treatment process, cancer patients often have increase calorie and protein needs. It is sometimes difficult for patients to consume large quantities of food at a time due to the side effects of treatment. Therefore, it is advisable for patients to eat smaller meals more frequently and choose foods that are higher in energy and protein such as full cream dairy products, nuts and beans.


 

The disease and treatment process can result in an increase breakdown and use of protein and fat in the body. Cancer patients undergoing treatment often have increase calorie and protein needs. Thus, patients should focus on eating well and adequately in order to optimise their nutrition and prevent unintentional weight loss and muscle mass.


 

Consult your dietitian to help the patient set achievable lifelong goals in maintaining a physically active lifestyle, a healthy diet and keeping their weight within the healthy weight range. 


 

What Constitutes a Healthy Diet?


A Healthy Diet Plate should consist of:

 

  • 1/2 of the plate should include a variety of non-starchy vegetables such as tomatoes, mushrooms, kai lan, chye sim, spinach, broccoli, green beans, cabbage etc
  • 1/4 of the plate should have foods that are protein sources, such as skinless chicken, lean cuts of beef or pork, fish, tofu or eggs
  • 1/4 of the plate should have grains and starchy foods, such as whole-grain breads, high-fibre cereal, rice, pasta, beans, potatoes, sweet potatoes, pumpkin



The 4 Essential Food Groups


Grains

 

Wholegrain foods (such as wholemeal bread, oats and brown rice) are better sources of vitamins, minerals and fibre as compared to refined grains (such as white rice and white bread). Refined grains undergo processing, which removes many of these nutrients which include fibre. Studies have shown that wholegrain foods have been linked to a lower risk of heart disease, diabetes and cancers, especially colon cancer. 

Protein

 

Protein is necessary for maintenance and repair of body tissues, especially when one is undergoing cancer treatment. Protein-rich food includes chicken, fish, tofu, eggs and beans. The amount of protein you need depends on your medical condition and treatment. Consult your dietitian on how much protein you need a day.


Fruits and Vegetables

 

Fruits and vegetables contain numerous amounts of potentially beneficial vitamins, minerals, fibre, sterols and antioxidants that may help to prevent cancer. Antioxidants include vitamin C, vitamin E, carotenoids and other phytochemicals. Antioxidants are thought to protect normal cells against damage from oxidative stress.  



Healthy Recipes


We offer a range of fuss-free and nutritional recipes below that the Department of Dietetics at the National University Hospital has collaborated with established culinary groups such as the Les Amis Group and Paradise Group to specially cater to the nutritional needs and diets of cancer patients. Adding a healthy twist to their signature dishes, the dishes are bound to whet the patient's appetite! To whip up these dishes for your loved ones, simply download printable copies of the recipes below.


If you and your loved one would like to participate in the Cooking MasterClasses that are offered at the NCIS, be sure to check out the class schedule here:




Les Amis Recipes


Provencal Soup
with Pesto

 

Recipe here

Roasted Cod Fish with Pumpkin Puree

 

Recipe here


Endive Salad with Pear, Walnut & French Dressing

 

Recipe here



Asparagus
Barigoule


Recipe here


Chicken with Chinese Wine & Wolfberry Cream Sauce

 

Recipe here

Saffron & Fennel Risotto with Prawn

 

Recipe here


Lemongrass Chicken with Vietnamese Bun

 

Recipe here

 


Seafood Noodle Soup with Rice Noodles

 

Recipe here

 

Poached Seabass in Milk with Ginger & Wolfberry

 

Recipe here

Foie Gras
Custard

 

Recipe here

Carrot Congee with Shredded
Chicken Breast

 

Recipe here

Oven Baked Salmon with Watercress

 

Recipe here

Poached Cod Fish with
Saffron Broth

 

Recipe here



Fish Soup with Saffron, Chickpeas & Brussel Sprouts

 

 

Recipe here

 

 


Paella Rice with Seasonal Mushrooms

 

 

Recipe here

 

Bean Soup with Kale & Tomato Pesto

 

 

Recipe here



Mixed Mushrooms, Burdock & Dates in Basmati Rice



Recipe here





 

 

 

 

 Paradise Group Recipes

 

Sauteed Mushrooms with Snow Peas


Recipe here

Steamed Fish Slices with Vegetables


Recipe here

Superior Shark Cartilage Soup with Dried Conpoy & Bitter Gourd


Recipe here

Wok-Fried Wild Mushrooms with Assorted Filling


 

 Recipe here

Braised Tofu with Vegetables & Mushrooms

 

 

Recipe here

Grandma's Scrambled Eggs


Recipe here

 

Pan-Fried Pumpkin Pastry


Recipe here



Steamed Vegetable Dumpling


Recipe here



 

 

 

For a step-by-step demonstration of some of the dishes, subscribe to and check out our MasterClass video playlist here.

Contact Us


Consult a dietitian for specialised advice if you or your loved ones have any nutrition or weight issues. Your dietitian will be able to provide individualised education and recommendations. You can ask your doctor to refer you to see a dietitian.

                            

For appointment with our dietitian, please contact +65 6772 8400.


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